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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Interested in submitting to this journal? Contact the journal editor at for the latest CFP and manuscript guidelines. 

Nota bene: If you are new to publishing, the BMRA editors advise two steps before submitting your work. First, approach an experienced researcher-writer to be your mentor and co-author. Second, seek out peer review from individuals in your field who have published. 

Business Management Research and Applications: A Cross-Disciplinary Journal

Columbia Southern University


  • Submitted papers should be previously unpublished in any format.
  • If a paper has multiple authors, all authors should approve the paper’s submission.
  • All Master’s degree-level authors must be co-authors with faculty or professional researchers in the field.
  • All authors who move forward with publication acknowledge that the BMRA journal retains copyright of articles and has permission to publish the article in a publicly viewable place and for use in educational settings.


File format and size

Microsoft Word .docx.

Maximum file size: 3 mb. Documents should not be locked or password protected.


Clear, correct, and concise English.

Ensure the manuscript has been spell- and grammar-checked prior to submission. Note: Submissions are not copyedited by BMRA Journal staff before publication.


Times New Roman, 12 pt.

Note: If symbols are needed, use the Insert à Symbol function in Microsoft Word. Do not use the font called “Symbol.”

Layout & Page Formatting

  • Paper size: Letter (8.5” x 11” or 21.6cm x 27.9cm)
  • Orientation: Portrait
  • Margins (top, bottom, left, right): Normal setting in Microsoft Word  
  • Text alignment: Left justified
  • Line spacing: Single
  • Paragraph indentation: Use the Tab key to indent the first line of each  paragraph—do not use the spacebar or allow Microsoft Word to automatically tab.
  • Spacing before paragraph: 0 pt
  • Spacing after paragraph: 0 pt

Do not insert header, footer, or page numbers.

Do not format text into columns.

Content & Organization



Beginning section

The following elements are required in this order:

  • Paper title, authors, and affiliations
  • Abstract and keywords
  • Introduction

Middle section

The following elements can be renamed as needed and in any order:

  • Materials and Methods
  • Results

Note: Student-authored papers (Master’s and doctoral levels) should include discussion of the assumptions for the methodology and the results and/or how the student-author met those assumptions.

Also, student-authored papers should list the power levels used for Type I and Type II errors. Reporting must be in APA manner and must show

  • effect size
  • p value
  • confidence intervals


Conclusions (optional)

Ending section

The following elements are required in this order:

  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Appendix(ces) (if applicable)


Specific, descriptive, concise, and comprehensible to readers outside the field.

The title should be written in upper case, bold letters, and centered. Length is limited to 250 characters.

Author list

All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article.

Format author names in the following order:

first name (or initials), middle name (or initials), last name (surname, family name).

Each author must have an affiliation. The affiliation includes department, university, or organizational affiliation and its location, including city, state/province (if applicable), and country.

Do not list academic ranks, personal addresses, or emails.

Authors are expected to consider the list and order of authors before submitting the manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission.


Describe the main objective(s) of the study, explain how the study was done, and summarize the most important results and the results’ significance.

The abstract should not exceed 300 words or include citations.


A bold heading “Keywords” introduces the list.

The keywords list should be presented horizontally and should include 4-8 keywords or key phrases that reflect the content of the manuscript. The keywords or key phrases should be separated by commas. 


Written in upper case, bold letters.

Follow APA7 guidelines for headings and subheadings.

Limit manuscript sections and subsections to 3 heading levels.


Tables appear at appropriate points in the text:

  • After the table is mentioned in the text
  • Between paragraphs, not within them

Leave double-spaced blank lines before and after a table. All tables should have table numbers and titles and should be referred to by table number in the text. A table’s number and title should be placed above and outside the table.

Tables should be constructed through the use of the Tables function in Microsoft Word and should not be embedded images or objects. Tables should not contain unnecessary spaces or hard returns. Indentation, if included, should be achieved by setting appropriate margins, not by adding spaces. Tables that are too long or too wide for a single page may be typed in a smaller font size or continued on the next page.

Consult the following resources for guidance:


Figures appear at appropriate points in the text:

  • After the figure is mentioned in the text
  • Between paragraphs, not within them

Leave double-spaced blank lines before and after a figure. All figures should have figure numbers and titles and are referred to by figure number in the text. A figure’s number and title should be placed above and outside the figure. Figures must be high quality and should fit on one page.

Figures, to include graphs, charts, maps, drawings, and photographs, must have a material impact on the content of an article and are not used for decorative purposes.

In general, no more than 10 figures will appear in an article.

Consult the following resources for guidance:


Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least 3 times in the text. Keep abbreviations to a minimum.


Footnotes are not permitted. If your manuscript contains footnotes, move the information into the main text or the References list, depending on the content.


List acknowledgements and funding sources; all abbreviations should be spelled out. Authors should obtain permission from all listed individuals because readers may infer their endorsement of data and conclusions. Dedications are not allowed.

Declaration of interest

All authors must disclose any financial and personal relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work.


Listed at the end of the manuscript in alphabetical order. Follow APA7 practices for citing texts. Ensure that every source cited in the text is present in the references list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in References but may be mentioned in the text. Reference style is APA7.

Consult the following resources for guidance:


Place appendices (if applicable), each on a new page, after the References.

The heading for each appendix should include a label identifying it as an appendix, with a title. If only one appendix exists, the label should be Appendix; if multiple appendices exist, the labels should include capital letters (e.g., Appendix A, Appendix B).

The label and the title should be on separate lines and should be sentence case, bold, and centered.



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